Transportation finance has become increasingly unreliable in recent years, due to the declining revenue available from the motor fuel tax, increasing auto efficiency, and political reluctance to raise taxes. In many states, this has led to deferred maintenance, poor road quality, and failure to satisfy demand for better infrastructure. Some states have relied on toll revenue and other user fees to overcome these revenue challenges.
The transportation industry may be on the verge of its largest technological revolution in a century, with new forms of on-demand transportation capitalizing on innovations like the GPS chips in smart phones to develop app-based, on-demand transportation, connecting user and driver, known alternatively as ridesourcing, ride-hailing, Transportation Network Companies (TNCs). As TNCs like Lyft, Uber, Didi and many others spring up, along with a number of other app-based, on-demand models like ridesplitting, microtransit and E-Hail, among others, a growing number of cities are considering whether they could shed the high cost and unprofitability of running fixed route transit services through conversion to app-based, on demand systems.
The cities of Arlington and Grand Prairie, Texas, are among the most rapidly-growing suburban communities in the country, with growing populations of commuters, university students, older adults, and others with a wide range of transportation needs and expectations. In spite of this rapid and diverse growth, the two cities lack any form of structured, fixed-route transit. Arlington has been the subject of particular national interest, often touted as “America’s largest city with no fixed-route transit” and is thus ripe for deeper study.
This study addresses the question of how the PDRBs affect the timeliness of the recovery process of affected communities. This research will add to body of knowledge about post-disaster recovery by addressing gaps in the existing literature on integrated analysis of PDRBs.
While the federal government spends billions on transit projects each year, many regions have poor coordination of services, with some regions having over 21 transit agencies failing to offer integrated schedules, fares and services, while other regions have large swaths that are completely unserved. Many of these inefficiencies are not due to a lack of technology or funding, but to failing of the local funding and governmental structure.