Project Title: Integrating Transportation Management Companies (TMCs) and Public Transportation
Principal Investigator: Catherine L. Ross, Georgia Institute of Technology
Project Type: Research
CTEDD Grant Cycle: CTEDD 2017 General RFP
Project Status: In Progress
Emerging technologies have given rise to Transportation Management Companies (TMCs) which are frequently referenced as Transport Network Companies (TNCs) that deliver on-demand services e.g. Uber and LYFT. These companies provide an app-based service that links passengers and drivers and charges passengers automatically. The expansion of broadband services promises continuing growth for ride sourcing and presents both challenges and opportunities in integrating these services into the transportation system (Middleton, 2010). Currently the primary work linking on-demand service to public transportation focuses on the provision of both first and last mile trips (Clifton & Muhs, 2012). The proposed research analyzes an expanded role for integrating TMC’s into public transportation linking the public and the private sector providing greater mobility through increased connectivity and coordinated service delivery. This integration requires consideration of the role of the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) and a framework that facilitates and supports a public private partnership (PPP). We examine the potential impact of this integration on the provision of transit services. Selected opportunities include enhanced transit ridership, expanded access to employment opportunities, cost savings, expanded accessibility for transit -dependent and riders with disabilities, new revenue streams and business models, enhanced ridesharing and service improvement across multiple sectors through shared mobility as a result of the greater integration of TMCs in transit services. The research project examines the potential of dynamic on-demand ride service from primarily three aspects: (1) to what extent can dynamic on-demand ride service influence accessibility to employment centers and amenities; (2) how does the influence of accessibility vary spatially across different population groups, especially for transportation disadvantaged population; and (3) how does the cost-effectiveness of dynamic on-demand ride service compare to the existing transit system and what funding and financing mechanisms might be considered to improve the supportive role of dynamic on-demand ride service. We analyze the New York City (NYC) data collected from the regional household survey and the operation of taxis and TMCs compared to transit under different operating scenarios.